A laboratory study found that combining anti-HER2 TKIs with trastuzumab and pertuzumab can result in enhanced anticancer activity in HER2+ breast cancer cell lines.

Source: CancerNetworkCategory: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: news

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Condition:   ER+ HER2- Advanced Breast Cancer Interventions:   Drug: AZD9833;   Drug: AZD9833 with palbociclib Sponsor:   AstraZeneca Not yet recruiting

Source: ClinicalTrials.govCategory: Research Source Type: clinical trials

AbstractEstrogen receptor (ER)-positive metastatic breast cancers after a period of response to tamoxifen develop resistance, and the disease progresses clinically. Domination of partial agonistic activity of tamoxifen over its antagonist activity has been implicated as one of the mechanisms for acquired tamoxifen resistance. Six patients with ER-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative metastatic breast cancer who were treated with tamoxifen withdrawal were retrospectively reviewed. Three patients were premenopausal and three were postmenopausal at the beginning of this treatment. Three patients …

Conclusions: The vast majority of the long-term experienced physicians would embrace the implementation of a further method such as the prediction of pCR probability in clinical routine to support decision making regarding the necessity of neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The cut-off of around 30% pCR probability seems to be a realizable rate to distinguish patient groups.
PMID: 30057427 [PubMed]

Conditions:   Leptomeningeal Carcinomatosis;   Leptomeningeal Metastases;   Brain Metastases;   HER2-negative Breast Cancer Interventions:   Drug: ANG1005;   Drug: Physician’s Best Choice Sponsor:   Angiochem Inc Not yet recruiting

Source: ClinicalTrials.govCategory: Research Source Type: clinical trials

AbstractBackgroundThe eighth edition of AJCC cancer staging manual incorporated biomarker status into the prognostic staging group (PSG). We used data from National Cancer Database (NCDB) to validate and improve the PSG.MethodsAll patients had surgery and at least some systemic treatment (endocrine therapy, chemotherapy or HER2 targeted therapy). Information from 420,520 patients was assessed for potential predictors of overall survival (OS), including age at diagnosis (age), tumor grade (G), hormonal receptor and HER2 status, and presence of lymph vascular invasion (LVI), stratified by stage or sub-stages. Based on the mu…

AbstractPurposeDedicated breast positron emission tomography (DbPET) provides detailed high-resolution images and can detect intratumoral heterogeneity using18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG). We aimed to evaluate the correlation between FDG uptake on DbPET and the clinicopathological features of breast cancer, particularly those with an intratumoral heterogeneous distribution of FDG on DbPET.MethodsWe evaluated 195 consecutive patients with invasive breast cancer who underwent preoperative whole-body PET (WBPET) and DbPET concurrently between January 2016 and March 2017. The relationships between clinicopathological factors and…

ConclusionsThe combination of alpelisib and T-DM1 is tolerable and demonstrates activity in trastuzumab-resistant HER2-positive MBC. Furthermore, activity was observed in T-DM1-resistant disease. These data suggest that PIK3CA inhibition targets an important resistance pathway to anti-HER2 therapy, providing rationale for further study of PI3K inhibition in refractory HER2-positive MBC to validate these results.

Source: OncoTargets and TherapyCategory: Cancer & Oncology Tags: OncoTargets and Therapy Source Type: research

Overexpression of the HER2 gene is predictive of treatment benefit with trastuzumab therapy for breast cancer (BC) patients. The study objective was to investigate whether all eligible patients with HER2-positive BC initiated trastuzumab therapy. A systematic search was conducted through PubMed, Web of Science PsycINFO, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and Cochrane Library. From 2651 studies identified, 107 observational studies were included for full text review, of which 26 met the inclusion criteria and an additional 7 studies were identified through citation searching.

Source: Critical Reviews in Oncology HematologyCategory: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research

No abstract available

Source: EpidemiologyCategory: Epidemiology Tags: Letters Source Type: research

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