Costs of cancer care for adolescents are significantly higher in pediatric institutions than in adult institutions, researchers from Canada report.Reuters Health Information

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ConclusionsLimitations include the impossibility of analyzing age-standardized incidence. Based on the Verhulst model, results suggest that it is still relevant to follow up TC incidence and sperm cryopreservation in order to confirm or refute the potential decrease already observed in this disease.

Skin cancer incidence has been consistently increasing in the United States, including an alarming 250% increase in melanoma diagnoses over the past few decades in children, adolescents and young adults. Currently, melanoma is the second most commonly diagnosed cancer in those aged 15-29. This can largely be attributed to the persistence of deliberate tanning behaviors, typically beginning in adolescence. Therefore, there is a current need to understand sun exposure behaviors in adolescents and to devise effective intervention strategies promoting sun safe practices aimed at this younger population.

Introduction: Indoor tanning is a modifiable risk factor for skin cancer, the most common malignancy in the United States. Earlier research has shown that parents with favorable attitudes toward indoor tanning are more likely to give their adolescent children permission to indoor tan. However, the factors influencing positive parental attitudes toward indoor tanning remain poorly understood.

Introduction: Skin cancer is one of the most preventable forms of cancer. Approximately 85% of skin cancer cases could be avoided by reducing ultraviolet (UV) exposure, especially during childhood and adolescence. We conducted a pilot study to evaluate UV exposure and sun safety behaviors in this age group. In addition, the effectiveness in changing sun protection knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors using an innovative intervention was compared with the strategy of using education alone.

(Massachusetts General Hospital) A Massachusetts General Hospital research team has used epigenome editing tools to investigate how the genetic abnormality that drives Ewing sarcoma — the second most common bone cancer in children and young adults — unleashes tumor growth.

Conclusions: The data from this study reveals that a significant proportion of the OSCC cases are observed in patients of 45 years or younger. Additionally, our study also indicated an increase in the usage of tobacco and pan chewing in young adults in comparison to older individuals in the two hospitals of South India. The data obtained from this analysis emphasizes the need for screening programs that are tailor-made for individuals at high risk of developing oral cancer and warrants tobacco awareness programs in the community.

Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial PathologyCategory: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research

Thyroid, Ahead of Print.

Source: ThyroidCategory: Endocrinology Authors: Source Type: research

Cochrane Pain, Palliative and Supportive Care  (PaPaS)  group addresses the gap in knowledge on chronic  pain in childhood and helps push solutions forward.On July 12th  at the Wellcome Trust in London, UK,  world-leading experts came together to look at evidence, policy and practice in the area of childhood pain.Clinicians, researchers, funders and policy makers from charities, universities and hospitals discussed the lack of knowledge in this area and shared their collective ambition to increase the quality of evidence in this field.Professor Christopher Eccleston, Coordinating Editor of the Coch…

Source: Cochrane News and EventsCategory: Information Technology Authors: Source Type: news

Authors: Konstantinidis A, Tracy E, Sosa JA, Roman SA
Abstract
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of papillary thyroid cancer is increasing faster than any other cancer in young patients. The purpose of this review is to discuss the most recent determinants of risk of recurrence and compromised outcomes in this population. Areas covered: This review discusses the most updated data on patient age, including children and young adults, extent of disease and subsequent dynamic staging over time, molecular markers for disease aggressiveness, adequacy of surgical resection and surgeon volume, and novel therapies for advanced no…

CONCLUSIONS: The translation and adaptation of the Pediatric PRO-CTCAE confirms that this instrument is also suitable for assessing symptom toxicities among Italian cancer patients. Its rapid integration into care pathways is necessary to guarantee an early response to patient symptoms and to facilitate drug tolerability assessment.
PMID: 30057086 [PubMed – in process]

Source: European Journal of Oncology NursingCategory: Nursing Authors: Tags: Eur J Oncol Nurs Source Type: research





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