Diseases & Conditions, Ear, Nose & Throat Diseases. You will find articles, informations, research, the latest medical advances, ... about this disease and the parts of the body it may affect. This is the first page of 7loop.com Guide to Appendix Cancer. To see other pages, use the menu. Think of that menu as a roadmap to this full guide. Ear, Nose & Throat Diseases from 7loop.com aims to provide you with a mixture of the most important Ear, Nose & Throat Diseases resources that we publish with the latest, continually updated research articles from The 7loop.com and all of our specialist journals, plus online education from 7loop.com Learning. Common Allergy Problems, Allergic Rhinitis. Allergic rhinitis occurs when the nose and usually also the ears, eyes, sinuses, and throat come into contact with allergy-causing substances. The allergy-causing substances are called allergens. The most common allergens are pollens, molds, dust, and animal dander. Common symptoms include itchy or runny nose, sneezing, nasal and head congestion, fatigue and lethargy, gut, itchy throat, postnasal drainage, itchy and watery eyes. The first step in treating allergies is to try to avoid contact with the things you are allergic. The second step is treatment with medicine. Your physician may suggest that you first try decongestants or other medications for mild symptoms. Outer ear infections can cause itching in the ear canal, pain and swelling of the ear canal, discharge from the ear, and crusting around the ear canal. Your physician will carefully clean and dry your ear. If your ear is very swollen, the physician may insert a wick soaked with an antibiotic into the ear to get the medicine into the infected area. You may need to put drops in your ear several times a day to keep the wick moist. Oral antibiotics may also be indicated if you have a severe infection, or your physician may suggest a cream or ointment medicine for some types of infection. Sleep apnea is a serious sleep problem. Sleep apnea causes you stop breathing for more than 10 seconds at a time many times while you sleep. Another term for this problem is obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep apnea affects between 2 and 10% of people. It is more common in men than in women. Possible causes of sleep apnea include being overweight, tobacco smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, lung disease, and an abnormal sleep pattern. Symptoms include loud snoring interrupted with pauses in breathing followed by loud gasps, not feeling rested when you wake in the morning, morning headaches, sleepiness during the day, trouble concentrating, anxiety, irritability, and sleepiness while driving. Sleep apnea can be diagnosed by a physician after a thorough examination, and possibly a sleep study. Vocal polyps and nodulesare growths that may occur in several situations: straining the voice, hypothyroidism, radiation therapy in the neck, or long-lasting sinusitis with drainage, cough, and frequent throat clearing. The first symptom of polyps and nodules is usually hoarseness, which occurs when the growth or growths interfere with the flow of air past the vocal cords. Treatment may include a referral to a speech therapist to advise you how to better use your voice. Sometimes, surgical removal may be indicated. Leukoplakia refers to thick, white patches of abnormal tissue, often caused by chemical irritation from tobacco smoke or alcohol. Leukoplakia commonly causes no symptoms. Over time it can silently develop into cancer of the voice box, especially if you both smoke and drink alcohol. If you have leukoplakia, you will be checked for cancer, and your physician will advise you to stop smoking. YOUR HEALTH IS NOT A MOVIE. All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment.