Specialty pharmaceutical firm Delcath Systems has obtained orphan drug status from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for its melphalan to treat cholangiocarcinoma.

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Publication date: Available online 9 August 2018Source: IDCasesAuthor(s): Mohamed Eisa, Kibrewessen Tefera, Anahita AlvanpourAbstractWe are presenting a case of Listeria monocytogenes spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) monomicrobial non-neutrocytic bacterascites (MNS) in a patient with malignant ascites secondary to cholangiocarcinoma who underwent peritoneal catheter placement. Listeria peritonitis is uncommon, with cancer patients at a higher risk. Listeria infection should be suspected in susceptible patients once there is no response to empiric antibacterial or if the initial culture report shows gram positive bac…

Source: IDCasesCategory: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

In this study, we revisited the possibility of artesunate (ART) and chloroquine (CQ), the antimalarial drugs, as therapeutic agents against CCA. The possible mechanisms of these drugs to exert cytotoxicity on CCA cells were also explored. The effects of ART and CQ on proliferation and death patterns of two CCA cell lines, KKU-214 and its highly metastatic subtype KKU-214L5, were examined using water soluble tetrazolium (WST) assay and time-lapse photometry, respectively. To differentiate and verify the death patterns between necrosis and apoptosis, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release, and caspase 3 activity were measured. …

This study was performed to evaluate the cytotoxic effects of asiatic acid on two human CCA cell lines (KKU-156 and KKU-213). Cell viability was determined by a sulforhodamine B (SRB) assay. Morphological changes of the cells were observed by microscopy. Cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry using annexin V and propidium iodide (PI) staining. Messenger RNA (mRNA) expression levels of BAX, BCL2 and Survivin/BIRC5 were analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). It was found that asiatic acid efficiently suppressed CCA cellular viability via induction of apoptosis. In addition, the occurrence of asiatic ac…

CONCLUSION: The incidence rate of CCA has decreased since 2002, representing a real decline in the risk of CCA. The incidence of CCA is projected to stabilize by 2025. The survival of patients with CCA remains poor.
PMID: 30078813 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Condition:   Hilar Cholangiocarcinoma Interventions:   Drug: Bevacizumab-IRDye800CW;   Device: near infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging Sponsor:   University Medical Center Groningen Not yet recruiting

Source: ClinicalTrials.govCategory: Research Source Type: clinical trials

We present a case of a hepatic sclerosing hemangioma in which an unusual magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) appearance lead to radiographic concern for gallbladder carcinoma. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case in the literature of a hepatic sclerosing hemangioma mimicking a gallbladder carcinoma.

Journal of Surgical Oncology, EarlyView.

Source: Journal of Surgical OncologyCategory: Cancer & Oncology Authors:

Foodborne parasites have long been a neglected group of pathogens, as they often have insidious, chronic effects, rather than being acute diseases, and they are often associated with impoverished or marginalized populations. In addition, due to the long incubation period for most foodborne parasites, source attribution is often difficult, if not impossible. However, global trends have enabled foodborne parasites to emerge in different populations in new locations, transmitted through different food types, and sometimes with unexpected symptoms. This emergence of foodborne parasites has brought them into f…

Digestive Endoscopy,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-.

Source: Digestive EndoscopyCategory: Gastroenterology Authors:

Conclusion: O. viverrini infections are still detected in ASEAN countries therefore large scale active surveillance is required. OvVST had a high sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for screening the risk groups for O. viverrini.
PMID: 30069210 [PubMed]

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