New mechanistic insights into the development and therapeutic resistance of acute myeloid leukemia should help identify patients most likely to benefit from treatment.

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AbstractAzacitidine and decitabine, two hypomethylating agents, are known to be effective in the treatment of high-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients who cannot endure intensive cytotoxic chemotherapy or are not eligible for transplantation. However, the treatment response rate is low. The molecular mechanisms underlying the resistance to demethylation therapy are unclear. Though a wide range of predictors of treatment response have been investigated, no consensus has been reached. It is imperative to identify certain parameters that can help distinguish between patients who will…

In conclusion, inhibition of ODC1 by DFMO was crucial in facilitating BCT‑100 treatment in lung adenocarcinoma that was partially mediated by depleting arginine and polyamines with consequent apoptosis.
PMID: 30066894 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Source: Oncology ReportsCategory: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Rep Source Type: research

Authors: Delia M, Carluccio P, Mestice A, Brunetti C, Albano F, Specchia G
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is widely considered a distinct clinical entity with a well-defined molecular and genetics-based prognosis. Particularly in a younger patient, the therapeutic approach depends largely on diagnostic risk stratification, which has an impact on the outcome after therapy. We added Treg evaluation to the usual molecular and cytogenetics profile in the AML younger patients’ diagnostic bone marrow aspirate (dBMA) in order to search for any correlation between Tregs and overall response (OR) as well as survival …

Publication date: Available online 4 August 2018Source: Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and LeukemiaAuthor(s): Kiyomi Mashima, Iekuni Oh, Takashi Ikeda, Yumiko Toda, Shoko Ito, Kento Umino, Daisuke Minakata, Hirofumi Nakano, Kaoru Morita, Ryoko Yamasaki, Yasufumi Kawasaki, Miyuki Sugimoto, Chihiro Yamamoto, Masahiro Ashizawa, Shin-Ichiro Fujiwara, Kaoru Hatano, Kazuya Sato, Ken Omine, Kazuo Muroi, Yoshinobu KandaAbstractBackgroundWT1 mRNA expression is a universal marker of MRD in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the ability of serial measurement of peripheral blood …

Publication date: August 2018Source: Seminars in Cancer Biology, Volume 51Author(s): Linn Gillberg, Andreas D. Ørskov, Minmin Liu, Laurine B.S. Harsløf, Peter A. Jones, Kirsten GrønbækAbstractOver the past few years it has become clear that vitamin C, as a provider of reduced iron, is an essential factor for the function of epigenetic regulators that initiate the demethylation of DNA and histones. Vitamin C deficiency is rare in the general population, but is frequently observed in patients with cancer. Genes encoding epigenetic regulators are often mutated in cancer, underscoring their central r…

Contributors : Y Saito ; H MoritakeSeries Type : Expression profiling by arrayOrganism : Mus musculusOverexpression of Ecotropic Virus Integration site 1 protein homolog (EVI1) in adults and children with mixed lineage leukemia-rearrangement acute myeloid leukemia (MLL-r AML) has a very poor prognosis. We used an extracellular flux analyze to examine metabolic changes during leukemia development in a mouse model of MLL-r AML expressing high levels of Evi1 (Evi1+).

Source: GEO: Gene Expression OmnibusCategory: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by array Mus musculus Source Type: research

We describe the first multicenter prospective study to assess the efficacy, safety, and immune reconstitution of a novel sequential transplant approach in 24 patients with primary induction failure/relapsed acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The sequential regimen consisted of cladribine 5  mg/m2/day and cytarabine 2  g/m2/day for 5  days and mitoxantrone 7 mg/m2/day for 3  days, followed by myeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) using intravenous busulfan (3.2 mg/kg/day) for 4 days and cyclophosphamide (60 mg/kg/day) for 2 days. Patients in CR w…

AbstractIntensive chemotherapy (IC) used to be a common treatment approach for patients with higher-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) or acute myeloid leukemia after MDS (sAML). We conducted a retrospective analysis of 299 patients, including a matched pair analysis comparing 96 patients receiving IC with 96 patients not undergoing IC, in order to evaluate the impact of IC on overall survival (OS) and to identify factors that influence remission rates and OS. Complete remission (CR) after first induction chemotherapy was reached in 50% of patients. Parameters influencing the probability of achieving CR were blast count in the bone marrow (

Publication date: Available online 13 June 2018Source: Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and LeukemiaAuthor(s): Marielle Perry, Sarah Bertoli, Clément Rocher, Sandrine Hayette, Sophie Ducastelle, Fiorenza Barraco, Hélène Labussière-Wallet, Gilles Salles, Christian Recher, Xavier Thomas, Etienne PaubelleAbstractBackgroundOutcome of patients with mutation of the FLT3 tyrosine kinase domain (FLT3-TKD) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) remains controversial.Patients and MethodsHerein, we present a retrospective study of 126 newly diagnosed patients with AML performed in 2 French centers.ResultsFLT3-TKD mutati…

Condition:   Neoplasms Interventions:   Drug: GSK3326595;   Drug: 5-azacitidine;   Drug: Best available care Sponsor:   GlaxoSmithKline Not yet recruiting

Source: ClinicalTrials.govCategory: Research Source Type: clinical trials

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