Being diagnosed with bile duct cancer that eventually necessitated a liver transplant wasn’t enough to keep Steve Woodford down for long. A South African native living in Utah, Steve is professional skydiving instructor, backpacker and canyon guide in Zion National Park. He has always lived on the edge with his active outdoors lifestyle. Getting sick […]

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ConclusionsLTX and liver resections due to CD/CS are rare and associated with an acceptable post-operative morbidity and low mortality. Surgical treatment should be performed as early as possible to avoid recurrent episodes of cholangitis or carcinogenesis.

Backgrounds: Regarding the difficulty of CHC diagnosis and potential adverse outcomes or misuse of clinical therapies, an increasing number of patients have undergone liver transplantation, transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) or other treatments.Objective: To construct a convenient and reliable risk prediction model for identifying high-risk individuals with combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma (CHC).Methods: 3369 patients who underwent surgical resection for liver cancer at Zhongshan Hospital were enrolled in this study. The epidemiological and clinical characteristics of the patients were collected at t…

Source: Journal of CancerCategory: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

CONCLUSIONS: Liver transplant is a curative therapy for selected patients with irresectable Klatskin tumors, but further prospective studies are urgently needed.
PMID: 29911960 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

gsõ G, Máthé Z
Abstract
The indications for liver transplantation have become generally accepted over the last decades. However, in the last ten years, this indication area changes, it seems to be enlarged. Increasingly, previously classified as contraindications have become indications like cholangiocarcinoma or colorectal cancer liver metastases in selected cases. We have reviewed the old and new oncologic indications, whose survival rates do not differ from liver transplants due to other indications.
PMID: 29570183 [PubMed – in process]

Source: Magyar OnkologiaCategory: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Magy Onkol Source Type: research

Conclusion
Patient and tumor free survival did not differ significantly between patients within Milan or University of California San Francisco criteria or beyond both criteria. Vascular invasion and poor differentiation are still the most influential factors for post-transplant long-term outcomes in HCC patients.

Conclusions
Patients with CC present a diagnostic challenge which often leads to the finding of more aggressive lesions on explant after LT, higher recurrence rates and worse post‐LT survival. Careful consideration of this diagnostic conundrum needs to be made before a clinical trial is undertaken. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Source: Liver TransplantationCategory: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Postoperative venous thromboembolism has a poor prognosis in patients with cancer. We aimed to investigate the utility of thromboelastometry in detecting the risk of postoperative venous thromboembolism in patients with cholangiocarcinoma. We prospectively included patients submitted to liver resection for cholangiocarcinoma at our hospital between May 2011 and July 2014. Patients undergoing major hepatectomy for adult living donor transplantation in the same time period served as a control group. Thromboelastometry was performed before anesthesia. Postoperative venous thrombotic events were recorded in the 6 months after …

Organ shortage requires policies and guidelines to aid organ allocation along the principles of urgency or utility. Identifying patients with significant benefit and withholding liver transplantation (LT) from patients too sick for transplantation are ongoing challenges, in particular in patients with malignancies. An arbitrary threshold of>50% 5‐year overall survival (OS) is broadly considered a minimum standard for LT. In patients transplanted for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCC), this was only achieved in select cases and when the tumor had a diameter of 50% 5‐year OS. A prospective study in patients with un…

Source: Liver TransplantationCategory: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Conclusion: Interventional oncology and its image-guided intraarterial therapies continue to gain recognition as treatment options for primary and secondary liver cancers. Growing evidence supports their role as a standard of care alongside medical oncology, surgery, and radiation oncology.
PMID: 29230127 [PubMed]

Source: Ochsner JournalCategory: General Medicine Tags: Ochsner J Source Type: research

In this study, we investigated the potential acquisition of CC-like traits during advanced development of HCC in mice. Primary and rare high-grade HCC developed in a genetic mouse model. A mouse model of highly efficient HCC invasion and metastasis via orthotopic transplantation of liver cancer organoids propagated from primary tumors in the genetic model was further developed. Invasive/metastatic tumors developed in both models closely recapitulated advanced human HCC, and displayed a striking acquisition of CC-related pathological and molecular features, which was absent in the primary HCC tumors. Our study directly demo…

Source: The American Journal of PathologyCategory: Pathology Authors: Tags: Am J Pathol Source Type: research





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