Exosomes shed from acute myeloid leukemia cells suppress the expression of a hematopoietic transcription factor in the bone marrow.

Source: Signal Transduction Knowledge EnvironmentCategory: Science Authors: Source Type: news

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Rearrangements involving the neurotrophic receptor kinase genes (NTRK1, NTRK2, and NTRK3; hereafter referred to as TRK) produce oncogenic fusions in a wide variety of cancers in adults and children. Although TRK fusions occur in fewer than 1% of all solid tumors, inhibition of TRK results in profound therapeutic responses, resulting in Breakthrough Therapy FDA approval of the TRK inhibitor larotrectinib for adult and pediatric patients with solid tumors, regardless of histology. In contrast to solid tumors, the frequency of TRK fusions and the clinical effects of targeting TRK in hematologic malignancies are unknown. Here,…

Source: Journal of Clinical InvestigationCategory: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research

AbstractAllogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is most frequently used to treat acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Whether patients should routinely receive consolidation chemotherapy before proceeding to transplant after achieving first complete remission (CR1) has been a subject of debate. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies examining the impact of post-remission chemotherapy before allo-HSCT in patients with AML in CR1. Six studies including 1659 patients were included in the meta-analysis. The pooled hazard ratio (HR) for overall survival was 0.9 (95% confidence interval [CI…

Condition:   Acute Myeloid Leukemia Interventions:   Drug: Uproleselan;   Drug: Placebo Sponsor:   GlycoMimetics Incorporated Not yet recruiting

Source: ClinicalTrials.govCategory: Research Source Type: clinical trials

This study shows that CRL4DCAF2 is crucial for controlling NIK stability and highlights a unique mechanism that controls inflammatory diseases.

Source: The Journal of Experimental MedicineCategory: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Autoimmunity, Innate Immunity and Inflammation Articles Source Type: research

AbstractAzacitidine and decitabine, two hypomethylating agents, are known to be effective in the treatment of high-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients who cannot endure intensive cytotoxic chemotherapy or are not eligible for transplantation. However, the treatment response rate is low. The molecular mechanisms underlying the resistance to demethylation therapy are unclear. Though a wide range of predictors of treatment response have been investigated, no consensus has been reached. It is imperative to identify certain parameters that can help distinguish between patients who will…

Dual inhibition of JAK1/2 kinases and BCL2: a promising therapeutic strategy for acute myeloid leukemia, Published online: 06 August 2018; doi:10.1038/s41375-018-0225-7Dual inhibition of JAK1/2 kinases and BCL2: a promising therapeutic strategy for acute myeloid leukemia

Source: LeukemiaCategory: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research

In conclusion, inhibition of ODC1 by DFMO was crucial in facilitating BCT‑100 treatment in lung adenocarcinoma that was partially mediated by depleting arginine and polyamines with consequent apoptosis.
PMID: 30066894 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Source: Oncology ReportsCategory: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Rep Source Type: research

Authors: Delia M, Carluccio P, Mestice A, Brunetti C, Albano F, Specchia G
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is widely considered a distinct clinical entity with a well-defined molecular and genetics-based prognosis. Particularly in a younger patient, the therapeutic approach depends largely on diagnostic risk stratification, which has an impact on the outcome after therapy. We added Treg evaluation to the usual molecular and cytogenetics profile in the AML younger patients’ diagnostic bone marrow aspirate (dBMA) in order to search for any correlation between Tregs and overall response (OR) as well as survival …

Publication date: Available online 4 August 2018Source: Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and LeukemiaAuthor(s): Kiyomi Mashima, Iekuni Oh, Takashi Ikeda, Yumiko Toda, Shoko Ito, Kento Umino, Daisuke Minakata, Hirofumi Nakano, Kaoru Morita, Ryoko Yamasaki, Yasufumi Kawasaki, Miyuki Sugimoto, Chihiro Yamamoto, Masahiro Ashizawa, Shin-Ichiro Fujiwara, Kaoru Hatano, Kazuya Sato, Ken Omine, Kazuo Muroi, Yoshinobu KandaAbstractBackgroundWT1 mRNA expression is a universal marker of MRD in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the ability of serial measurement of peripheral blood …

Publication date: August 2018Source: Seminars in Cancer Biology, Volume 51Author(s): Linn Gillberg, Andreas D. Ørskov, Minmin Liu, Laurine B.S. Harsløf, Peter A. Jones, Kirsten GrønbækAbstractOver the past few years it has become clear that vitamin C, as a provider of reduced iron, is an essential factor for the function of epigenetic regulators that initiate the demethylation of DNA and histones. Vitamin C deficiency is rare in the general population, but is frequently observed in patients with cancer. Genes encoding epigenetic regulators are often mutated in cancer, underscoring their central r…

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