The UK tops the international league table for a type of gullet (oesophageal) cancer, known as adenocarcinoma, in men, reveals a comprehensive estimate of the total number of new cases around the globe in 2012. Worldwide, men are around four times as likely as women to develop the disease, the findings show.

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HPV positivity is associated with significantly better outcomes in patients with Barrett’s high-grade dysplasia or esophageal adenocarcinoma, suggesting less intensive therapy might be considered.Medscape Medical News

ConclusionsThis study revealed that post-chemoradiotherapy and high intraoperative fluid balance are predictors of chylothorax after esophagectomy. The elucidation of clinicopathological factors that can predict the incidence of chylothorax will help to establish more effective perioperative management for esophageal cancer patients.

ConclusionsmiRNA-ratio biomarkers identified using next generation sequencing can be used to predict disease free survival following neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and esophagectomy in patients with esophageal adenocarcinoma.

CONCLUSION: nCRT appears to be a safe and a reasonably well-tolerated option in carefully selected patients with resectable locally advanced esophageal cancers. Although our data are not mature to analyze the survival outcomes with a pCR rate of 38%, it suggests nCRT to be a promising option in the management of locally advanced resectable esophageal cancers.

Source: Indian Journal of CancerCategory: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research

AbstractBackgroundBarrett ’s esophagus (BE) is a known precursor for development of esophageal adenocarcinoma and surveillance of affected patients is necessary when cancer progression risk is considered to be high. However, the accuracy of BE diagnosis may not be homogenous among institutions with endoscopy units. We inve stigated inter-institutional variability by examining the accuracy of endoscopic diagnosis of BE at 4 different hospitals.MethodsThe accuracy of BE diagnosis at the 4 hospitals was retrospectively reviewed by 6 expert endoscopists, who independently reviewed endoscopic images of approximately 500 c…

Source: EsophagusCategory: Gastroenterology Source Type: research

Publication date: Available online 26 July 2018Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Janusz A Z Jankowski, John de Caestecker, Sharon B Love, Gavin Reilly, Peter Watson, Scott Sanders, Yeng Ang, Danielle Morris, Pradeep Bhandari, Stephen Attwood, Krish Ragunath, Bashir Rameh, Grant Fullarton, Art Tucker, Ian Penman, Colin Rodgers, James Neale, Claire Brooks, Adelyn Wise, Stephen JonesSummaryBackgroundOesophageal adenocarcinoma is the sixth most common cause of cancer death worldwide and Barrett’s oesophagus is the biggest risk factor. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of high-dose esomeprazole proton-pump inhibitor (PPI) and aspiri…

Source: The LancetCategory: General Medicine Source Type: research

AbstractOver the past two decades, evidence has accumulated to challenge the traditional view that cardiac mucosa, which is comprised exclusively of mucus glands, is the normal lining of the most proximal portion of the stomach (the gastric cardia). There is now considerable evidence to suggest that cardiac mucosa develops as a GERD-induced, squamous-to-columnar esophageal metaplasia in some, if not all, cases. Although cardiac mucosa lacks the goblet cells commonly required for a histologic diagnosis of intestinal metaplasia, cardiac mucosa has many molecular features of an intestinal-type mucosa, and appears to be the pr…

AbstractSince the early 1970s, the incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EA) has increased dramatically in most Western populations while the incidence of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma has decreased. As a result, EA has become the predominant subtype of esophageal cancer in North America and Europe and is an important contributor to overall cancer mortality. Barrett ’s esophagus (BE), a metaplastic columnar epithelium of the distal esophagus, is the known precursor lesion for EA. EA and BE occur more frequently in white men over 50 years old, as well as in people with frequent symptoms of gastroesophageal…

AbstractBarrett ’s esophagus with high-grade dysplasia and early-stage adenocarcinoma is amenable to curative treatment by endoscopic resection. Histopathological correlation has established that mucosal cancer has minimal risk of nodal metastases and that long-term complete remission can be achieved. Although su rgery is the gold-standard treatment once there is submucosal involvement, even T1sm1 (submucosal invasion ≤ 500 μm) cases without additional risk factors for nodal metastases might also be cured with endoscopic resection. Endoscopic resection is foremost an initial diagnostic proced…

The optimal treatment for oesophageal cancer is a matter of debate. The aim of this study was to describe patterns of care and survival in a well-defined population for squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and adenocarcinoma (AC) of the oesophagus.

Source: Digestive and Liver DiseaseCategory: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Oncology Source Type: research

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