Cancer occurs in all ages including children. Fortunately cancer is much less common in the pediatric age group accounting for

Source: PediatricEducation.orgCategory: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS Our study indicates that IL-6 induces strong immunosuppression in the CRC microenvironment by recruiting immunosuppression cells and impairing T cell infiltration. Inhibition of IL-6 enhanced the efficacy of anti-PD-L1 in CRC, providing a novel strategy to overcome anti-PD-L1 resistance in CRC.
PMID: 30087314 [PubMed – in process]

CONCLUSIONS We found that hsa_circ_0004458 promoted the progression of PTC by inhibition of miR-885-5p and activation of RAC1, and hsa_circ_0004458 may serve as a potential therapeutic target and biomarker for PTC.
PMID: 30086127 [PubMed – in process]

CONCLUSIONS Girinimbine, a carbazole alkaloid used in Chinese herbal medicine, inhibited the proliferation and cell migration of human ovarian cancer cells in vitro, in a dose-dependent manner, via the PI3K/Akt/mTOR and Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathways.
PMID: 30084434 [PubMed – in process]

Purpose of review
We aim to summarize the utility of strain in monitoring the effects of cancer therapy-related cardiotoxicity (CTRC) on the development of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction.
Recent findings
Serial assessment of cardiac function at baseline and during treatment is recommended in patients undergoing cancer treatment. Historically, the use of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) has been used to monitor for cardiac toxicity from cancer therapies but myocardial mechanic parameters, in particular global longitudinal strain (GLS), have emerged as powerful adjunctive tools. On the basis of longitudinal …

Source: Current Opinion in CardiologyCategory: Cardiology Tags: IMAGING AND HEART FAILURE: MYOCARDIAL STRAIN: Edited by Sherif Nagueh Source Type: research

Purpose of review
Sex-specific differences in pathophysiology, prevalence, and impact of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors may explain the high cardiovascular mortality rates in women.
Recent findings
We review the sex differences in traditional risk factors (dyslipidemia, hypertension, diabetes, and smoking) and nontraditional risk factors (menopause and hormones, pregnancy, inflammation and autoimmune diseases, anemia, depression, and migraines) and their prognostic and therapeutic implications.
Recent research indicates that with respect to traditional risk factors such as dyslipidemia, hypertens…

Purpose of review
This review focuses on recent literature examining and targeting the physical activity and sedentary behaviour of nurses. The role of physical activity and sedentary behaviour in preventing and managing cardiovascular disease (CVD) in women is also discussed.
Recent findings
Nurses (most of whom are women) represent the largest professional group within the health care workforce and many present with risk factors for CVD (e.g. physical inactivity, sedentary behaviour, overweight/obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes, smoking, depression, anxiety). Several studies have measured the physical ac…

Authors: Lin X, Ozbey U, Sabitaliyevich UY, Attar R, Ozcelik B, Zhang Y, Guo M, Liu M, Alhewairini SS, Farooqi AA
Maslinic acid (2α,3β-dihydroxyolean-12-en-28-oic acid) is a naturally occurring pentacyclic triterpenic compound. Maslinic acid is gradually gaining attention as an excellent pharmacologically active product because of its premium biological properties. In this review we will focus on chemopreventive properties of Maslinic acid against different cancers. Seemingly, available data is limited and we have yet to unravel how Maslinic acid therapeutically targeted oncogenic cell signal tr…

Authors: Hongtao L, Xiaoqi G, Junni L, Feng X, Guodong B, Liang Y
Chlorogenic acid (CGA), an ester with various pharmacological effects, is important in cancer therapy. However, the specific antitumor mechanism of CGA is not entirely clear, especially with respect to its suppression of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The present study was carried out to assess the effect of CGA on NSCLC, and the mechanism involved. Cell viability assay and colony formation assay revealed that CGA blocked the proliferative capacity of NSCLC cells in vitro. Results from the migration assay suggested that CGA also inhibit…

In this study, we revisited the possibility of artesunate (ART) and chloroquine (CQ), the antimalarial drugs, as therapeutic agents against CCA. The possible mechanisms of these drugs to exert cytotoxicity on CCA cells were also explored. The effects of ART and CQ on proliferation and death patterns of two CCA cell lines, KKU-214 and its highly metastatic subtype KKU-214L5, were examined using water soluble tetrazolium (WST) assay and time-lapse photometry, respectively. To differentiate and verify the death patterns between necrosis and apoptosis, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release, and caspase 3 activity were measured. …

This study provides a dendritic cell-based vaccine strategy which might reduce the risk of tumor recurrence and improve the efficiency of anti-chemoresistance of bladder cancer.
PMID: 30084800 [PubMed – in process]

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