Kate Brandon, 33, from Bristol, has released a heartbreaking video begging people to share her story and donate to the cause. Her husband Mike, 31, is battling acute lymphoblastic leukaemia.

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UCLA Health has joined an important national clinical trial that uses genetic testing to match people who have acute myeloid leukemia, or AML, with new therapies. UCLA ’s hospital system is the first in California to offer people the opportunity to participate.The Beat AML Master Trial will evaluate a precision-based medicine approach to treating the disease; it will allow people with the disease to have immediate access to new treatments that are currently in development without having to try more traditional approaches first. The approach could streamline a patient ’s course of treatment and, ultimately, save…

Rearrangements involving the neurotrophic receptor kinase genes (NTRK1, NTRK2, and NTRK3; hereafter referred to as TRK) produce oncogenic fusions in a wide variety of cancers in adults and children. Although TRK fusions occur in fewer than 1% of all solid tumors, inhibition of TRK results in profound therapeutic responses, resulting in Breakthrough Therapy FDA approval of the TRK inhibitor larotrectinib for adult and pediatric patients with solid tumors, regardless of histology. In contrast to solid tumors, the frequency of TRK fusions and the clinical effects of targeting TRK in hematologic malignancies are unknown. Here,…

Source: Journal of Clinical InvestigationCategory: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research

(University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center) Almost one year after the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy for children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and the Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Investigators Network (PALISI) today published treatment guidelines for managing the treatment in the online issue of Nature Reviews Clinical Oncology.

Curry J, Featherston S, Foglesong J, Shoberu B, Gulbis A, Mireles ME, Hafemeister L, Nguyen C, Kapoor N, Rezvani K, Neelapu SS, Shpall EJ, Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Investigators (PALISI) Network
Abstract
In 2017, an autologous chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapy indicated for children and young adults with relapsed and/or refractory CD19+ acute lymphoblastic leukaemia became the first gene therapy to be approved in the USA. This innovative form of cellular immunotherapy has been associated with remarkable response rates but is also associated with unique and often severe toxicities, which …

Source: Clinical Lymphoma and MyelomaCategory: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Nat Rev Clin Oncol Source Type: research

Publication date: August 2018Source: Seminars in Cancer Biology, Volume 51Author(s): Jessica Nordlund, Ann-Christine SyvänenAbstractAcute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common malignancy in children. ALL arises from the malignant transformation of progenitor B- and T-cells in the bone marrow into leukemic cells, but the mechanisms underlying this transformation are not well understood. Recent technical advances and decreasing costs of methods for high-throughput DNA sequencing and SNP genotyping have stimulated systematic studies of the epigenetic changes in leukemic cells from pediatric ALL patients. The re…

Conclusion: Silymarin decreased early Doxorubicin induced left ventricular systolic function disturbances and can be recommended as adjuvant drug in patients with ALL under doxorubicin therapy.
RECOMMENDATION: Multicenter studies on large number of patients with longer duration of follow up to prove the protective effects of silymarin in early and late Doxorubicin induced cardiotoxicity.
PMID: 30073931 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Source: Infectious Disorders Drug TargetsCategory: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Infect Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research

AbstractPhiladelphia (Ph)-like or BCR-ABL like acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is defined on the basis of a gene expression profile that is similar to Ph-positive ALL. It comprises a wide spectrum of genetic lesions affecting primarily the cytokine receptor and/or kinase signalling genes. It accounts for approximately 10 –15% of pediatric ALL, and is more common in patients who are high-risk according to the National Cancer Institute criteria. Presence of Ph-like mutations is an independent predictor of poor outcome. However, there is vast potential to utilize targeted therapy to improve survival in this group. Th…

Secondary malignancies are broadly defined as a group of cancers arising after a previous malignancy and have become increasingly appreciated due to improvement in cancer survival. Therapy-related malignancies are a sub-group of secondary malignancies in which the exposure to prior chemotherapy or radiation therapy is instrumental to the establishment of the secondary cancer. Other than the role of previous therapies, underlying genetic predisposition, immunodeficiency states or simple coincidence have all also been invoked as potential causative factors for the development of secondary cancers [1].

Source: Leukemia ResearchCategory: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research

ConclusionsOur data suggest that the synergistic anticancer effect induced by combination of MST-312 and doxorubicin represents a novel treatment strategy for pre-B ALL.Graphical abstract

Pediatric Blood&Cancer, EarlyView.

Source: Pediatric Blood and CancerCategory: Cancer & Oncology Authors:





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